End Stage COPD
A person who is in the end stage of COPD has severe airflow limitation. This person is short of breath after just a little activity. With very severe COPD, complications like respiratory failure or signs of right-sided heart failure may develop. At this stage, the quality of life is greatly impaired and the worsening symptoms may be life-threatening.
When your COPD symptoms are severe (end stage), your doctor may recommend several treatment options. Some of these treatments may include one or more inhaled bronchodilators, inhaled steroids, and oxygen therapy.
In some cases, surgery may be recommended. There are two main types of surgery for COPD in its end stage. These include a lung transplant or a bullectomy.
(Click COPD Stages and COPD Treatment for more detail on the end stage of this illness, including information on how this last stage is defined and possible treatment options that your healthcare provider may recommend.)