Were you looking for information about Emphysema? Emphazima is a common misspelling of emphysema.
Emphysema is a lung disease that typically develops after a long period of irritation and attack (usually from smoke or fumes). Cigarette smoking is the primary cause of this condition, but long-term exposure to air pollution can cause it, too. Common symptoms of the condition include coughing, wheezing, and chronic mucus production.
To make a diagnosis, a physician will thoroughly examine your chest, observe breathing patterns, and monitor how hard you are working to breathe. An in-depth exam will also include noting the degree of over-inflation of the lungs, listening to the chest with a stethoscope to hear the airflow in and out of the lungs, and listening to heart sounds to determine their rate and rhythm. Many tests are also used to help diagnose emphysema, including spirometry, ABG (arterial blood gas), and x-rays.
Treatment options vary, but often include medications, oxygen therapy, or surgery. The most important part of treatment, however, is to stop smoking if this is the primary cause.
(Click Emphysema to learn more about this degenerative disease, including other causes, more information on symptoms and treatment options, and a detailed look at the diagnostic process. You can also click on any of the links in the box to the right for more specific information.)
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