Spiriva uses are primarily concerned with helping to prevent bronchospasms associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The drug works by causing the smooth muscles in the airways to relax, which can help keep the airways open and prevent spasms. It is not approved for use in children, nor are there any approved off-label Spiriva uses.
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Spiriva® (tiotropium bromide) is a prescription medication used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is part of a class of drugs known as anticholinergics or antimuscarinics.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease in which the lung is damaged, making it difficult to breathe. Specifically, the airways (the tubes that carry air into and out of your lungs) are partly obstructed. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are two kinds of COPD. While smoking is the most common cause, there are other possible causes of COPD. Common COPD symptoms may include:
- Sputum (mucus) production
- Shortness of breath, especially with exercise
- Wheezing (a whistling or squeaky sound when you breathe)
- Chest tightness.
Depending on the severity of your COPD, your healthcare provider may recommend a number of medications as part of your COPD treatment, including:
- Steroids (such as inhaled steroids)
- Flu shot
- Pneumococcal vaccine.
Spiriva belongs to a group of medications known as anticholinergics or antimuscarinics. By binding to specific receptors (called muscarinic receptors) in the airways, Spiriva helps to relax the smooth muscle of the airways. The drug is a bronchodilator, which means that with just one dose a day, it helps to prevent bronchospasms and keep the airways open.